TYRE CARE TIPS

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TYRE CARE TIPS

Tyre Management : Inflation

Inflation pressure

  • Tyres are designed to carry loads at proper inflation pressure for desired deflections, road contact & tread wear. Proper inflation pressure permits safe operation within the specified load rating & vehicle loading.
  • It is very important to maintain the correct tyre inflation pressure as tyre life is dependent on it. Over inflation decreases tyre life while under inflation tends to cause various premature tyre failures which result in much greater decrease in tyre life.
  • Tyre inflation tips

    Always maintain inflation pressure as recommended by vehicle manufacturer and as per load.

    Ensure that the tyre is cold while checking.

    Check inflation pressure regularly, especially before long trips.


    Always put valve cap on valve.

    Tyre Management : Rotation

    Tyre Rotation
    Tyre rotation, when done on a regular basis can improve the performance and life expectancy of the tyres.

    *Rotation is dependent on the type of the vehicle and should be carried out as per the vehicle manufacturer

    Tyre Management : Matching

    Proper Tyre Matching improves the overall performance of tyre & vehicle:

    Ensure all tyres fitted on a vehicle are of the same size
    Match correct rim for tyre
    Fit same construction tyres in one vehicle. Avoid mixing of Radial & Bias.

    Ensure all tyres fitted on a vehicle are of the same size

    Match correct rim for tyre

    Fit same construction tyres in one vehicle. Avoid mixing of Radial & Bias.

    Avoid mixing of patterns on the same axle
    Preferably, fit same manufacturer tyres
    Avoid mixing of different wear tyres on same axle
    Do not mix uneven tyres with new one

    Avoid mixing of patterns on the same axle

    Preferably, fit same manufacturer tyres

    Avoid mixing of different wear tyres on same axle
    Do not mix uneven tyres with new one

    Tyre Management : Inspection

    Check the exterior of the tyre for any damage / air pressure / abnormal wear.
    Remove stones or nails which are entrapped in the tread of the tyre.
    If any abnormal / uneven wear found, consult with tyre specialist or vehicle mechanic.

    Check the exterior of the tyre for any damage / air pressure / abnormal wear.

    Remove stones or nails which are entrapped in the tread of the tyre.

    If any abnormal / uneven wear found, consult with tyre specialist or vehicle mechanic.

    If the damages exposing the ply cord and/or steel belt are visible, consult with a tyre specialist or see a tyre repairing centre.
    If pressure check indicates tyre has lost the pressure, look for the signs of penetration, valve leakage or wheel/rim damage & consult the tyre

    If the damages exposing the ply cord and/or steel belt are visible, consult with a tyre specialist or see a tyre repairing centre.

    If pressure check indicates tyre has lost the pressure, look for the signs of penetration, valve leakage or wheel/rim damage & consult the tyre

    Wheel Management : Alignment

    Wheel Alignment consists of adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they are perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other. The purpose of these adjustments is maximum tyre life and a vehicle that tracks straight and true when driving along a straight and level road.

    Advantages of Wheel Alignment:

    Increased tyre life
    Less wear & tear of suspension joints
    Excellent steering control & driving comfort.

    Increased tyre life

    Less wear & tear of suspension joints

    Excellent steering control & driving comfort.

    No “side dragging” or pulling
    Spot braking without drag
    Increased fuel efficiency

    No “side dragging” or pulling

    Spot braking without drag

    Increased fuel efficiency

    Symptoms of a vehicle that is out of alignment are:
    • Uneven or rapid tyre wear
    • Pulling or drifting away from a straight line
    • Spokes of the steering wheel off to one side while driving on a straight and level road

    Wheel Management : Balancing

    Wheel balancing allows the tyres and wheels to spin without causing any vibrations. This is accomplished by checking for any heavy spots on the wheel-tyre combination and compensating for it by placing a measured lead weight on the opposite site of the wheel from where the heavy spot is.

    Symptoms of a wheel that is out of balance are:


    Vibration in the steering wheel at certain highway speeds

    Vibration in the steering wheel at certain highway speeds

    Vibration in the seat or floorboard at certain highway speeds

    Scalloped or cupped wear pattern on the tyres

    Wheel Management : Mounting & Demounting

    Demounting means removal of the old tyres from the rims and mounting means putting the tyre on the rim for the vehicle.
    Tyre mounting

    Apply the tyre and tube lubricant – tyre, tube & flap should be lubricated with powder without leaving lump inside the tyre.

    Fit the tube & flap inside the tyre and inflate 2 to 5 psi & set the tube & flap properly.

    Fix the tyre to rim properly & adjust the valve core in the rim slot properly, uniformly.

    Fit the rim flange & lock ring & insure proper fitment with help of rim centring line on the tyre.

    Inflate the tyre to the recommended pressure & deflate. Again re-inflate the tyre to the recommended pressure.

    Fit the prepared tyre to the wheel hub.

    Fixing the wheel nuts to the wheel bolts should be in criss-cross method

    Wheel Management : Load Distribution

    Load Distribution
    Proper load distribution ensures the right traction & prevent the driving wheel to slip, resulting in proper & even tyre tread wear.

    Load Distribution
    Proper load distribution ensures the right traction & prevent the driving wheel to slip, resulting in proper & even tyre tread wear.